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Dog training requires time, patience and a certain level of knowledge about the basics in life together between dog and man. The sooner you start, the quicker and better the dog learns. But that doesn't mean that only puppies and young dogs can learn many commands and certain behaviors. Rather, training in combination with the race-specific characteristics of the dog is crucial. Exceptions are dogs with traumatic events which require a special treatment.
Principles of dog training
Type commands in time
If the dog has not really listens to command you should adapt the exercises to the level and then start getting commands if the dog is not distracted or inattentive.
Praise immediately after new erlenten command
Work the new command, or if the dog behaves so as it has trained him that, then one should praise directly the dog within a few seconds after that. Dogs lose the connection with the reward else fast.
Sparingly to give commands
The dog is, you go back and say it all the time "stay!". As soon as you take a break at the commands the dog resolves the command itself and comes to you. With permanent command learns only that he hears only as long as his master constantly gives orders. If he knows the command, the command should be only 1 time.
Facial expressions, body language and tone
The interplay of pitch, facial expression and body language very well perceived by the dog. Appropriately sensitive, the dog responds to commands that do not fit together. Who appears confident and insecure speaks is quickly not more seriously taken by the dog.
Rewards should be given consistently in learning new rules of conduct. If however, the command works should only occasionally give the rewards and in itself reduce the reward on a pet or a spoken praise. Can still be occasional treats.
You should treat the dog everywhere equal. At home the dog is rewarded as well as in dog school or the Dog Club. So, no irritation, which badly affect the education evolve.
- Seat: the dog to "sit down"
- Down or stop, also place: at the place the dog to lie and stay; Down and stop and identifies the commonly used in hunting dog training "banning" of the dog on a beep (whistle).
- While the dog hetzende such as wild to prostrate straight, in performance of the signal with the head between the front paws. The down command is the primary command for the subordination of the dog in the hunting use dog training.
- Stay: stay at the current location
- Stand: this command is used to bring the dog from a further distance to stand. Also it will be used dog out of the seat, place or the free string out the let.
- Search verwund' or search verwund' my dog: this command is used when hunting use dogs to have this a sweat track (blood trail).
- Search forward: the hunting dog is prompted to the free lost search.
- On: on is used in the sense of "Come on, let's go". If the dog, for example, in the seat and the dog wants to go, the dog handlers "says!" To cancel all previous commands is to make sense. The exception is the so-called dropping, here, the dog may not be obtained but is to pick up by the dog handlers, such as by touching one's head with his hand.
- Advance: The dog to the dog away forward for example on a specific target move from to.
- Foot: it uses to guide the dog without a leash next to it on the left side.
- Apport: something to retrieve, get
- From: what the dog in its mouth, release
- Here: to the Raj come, possibly with Chair
Up to 16. Weeks the puppy learns the fastest and is most receptive to new experiences. He know more at this age learn, children, other dogs, joggers, cyclists, strollers, vacuum cleaner, hair dryer, lawn mower, cars, horses, tractors, etc. the faster he becomes accustomed to these noises and events and takes them for granted. The adaptation to environmental stimuli are the most important Grundlge for his entire later life for a puppy.
So the puppy of later time has no problems to touch her everywhere by the veterinarian, you should caress his dog every day everywhere: at the ears, paws, tail, and also the mouth and making and examining the teeth. The puppy remains after few repeats calmly and without fear, you can ask his friends everywhere to pet him. So the puppy that is accustomed to make contact by other people and examine.
Principle applies to the puppy training that all playful and only should be shown the puppies with positive reinforcement and learned. Love, gentleness and patience are always in the first place.
Observing the natural behavior of dogs and it sees behaviors that you want, then you should them immediately with a tasty treat, his favorite toy, or a praise (verbally or by stroke) reward. That can be for example that the puppy "Seat", or "Square" makes, or settles nicely on his pillow. It is the easiest and most natural way to teach desired behaviours to the puppies. So he finds joy in learning and remains with curiosity.
Welp game group, the puppies will get every opportunity to pursue their early childhood development opportunities. You encounter peers conspecifics, which replace their litter siblings and can play with these, have fun and compete. Therefore, it is very important that puppies have much contact with other dogs. Sizes allesn with all kinds of dogs, all races, and types. It's the best training you can give to a dog. It is a lesson that will save many problems the owner as the dog itself.
It is in the foreground, however, that the dogs and owners together have fun. Because all around, there is a positive atmosphere, which is the best prerequisite for a lasting learning success.
So he still has joy in learning, we should be careful, not to overwhelm the puppies. Short training sessions, about 10 min rich for a few months-old dog. Should be a longer break to play or even to sleep and then a short training session can be put back. Good puppy schools make sure anyway.
Trained on an empty stomach is easier, that is the most important tip before you would like to exercise at home with his puppy or goes into the dog school. A puppy with full stomach would be listless and slow and on top of that it may cause health damage. A stomach torsion can even be fatal (see under menu item "Healthy dog"). And on the other hand we can lure more easily a hungry dog with a treat, to motivate him for certain exercises.
At the beginning of each training session, our puppy should may a little romp and play. Then you have his full attention and can start with the exercises. Short lessons and exercises to learn simple commands. In any case, the puppy should be watched to assess the form of his day. Not everyone is equally well on it every day. We humans also. Failing an exercise perfect, not indefinitely continue to try, but go to an other exercise. The puppy desperately needs a sense of achievement, otherwise he is depressed and demotivated. Also, the lab with a simple exercise, completed is safe, should be stopped. At the very end, the puppy should may play again and great around. Under normal circumstances, all puppy schools proceed according to this concept.
Unwanted puppy behavior
The unwanted puppy behavior belongs to never, if the young dog in the apartment or in the House makes it easy. It should never be punished. Excessive biting or chewing on furniture, shoes or other items, however, should be prevented. A little tip, if the puppy in the home makes it easier then helps the Fleckfrei by Saff. Because the agent specializes in pet stains and leaves neither smell nor edges at the point back.